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Breakdown Of Nigeria’s Population In 2018: By Ethnics Group ( Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba), By Religion :( Christians, Muslim & Traditional Worshiper)

Nigeria population:

Nigeria, officially known as the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country that is located on the western coast of Africa. The country features 36 states and its Federal Capital Territory, which is known as Abuja. The country of Nigeria features over five hundred different ethnic groups, many different languages, and declared its independence from the United Kingdom on October 1, 1960. As of 2018, the estimated population of the country is over 195.88 million.

Last collected in 2012 by the Nigeria National Bureau of Statistics, the total population of citizens in Nigeria was around 166.2 million people. In 2016, it is estimated to have over 178.5 million people although United Nations projections have placed the population as high as 186 million. Back in 1960, when the country declared its independence from the United Kingdom, the country recorded an estimated 45.2 million people. That constitutes a change of about 268% between the year 1960 and the year 2012. The entire population of Nigeria accounts for about 2.35% of the entire earth’s population. This means that about 1 out of every 43 people in the world call Nigeria their home.

It should be noted that these estimates by the Nigeria National Bureau of Statistics take into account the residual effects of the very high mortality rate due to the rampant AIDS epidemic in the country. The AIDS epidemic, while a lot more controlled in the United States, is still a very big killer on the entire continent of Africa. Many people and multiple leaders have taken steps to help African nations such as Nigeria fight the AIDS epidemic. Fortunately, the numbers have improved significantly over the last 15 to 20 years.

Nigeria Population History:

The Nigerian government has been doing its best to help curb a rapid growth in population. They have offered free contraception over the past 10 years or so and they have even started taking steps to discourage people who are looking to have large families. The government is banking on smaller families as a way to secure financial salvation in the future. They are looking toward territories like Thailand – another area with large population growth issues – as a model for their current strategy.

Nigeria, since 1960, has grown to be the 7th most populated country in the world. That is saying a lot given the smaller size of the country itself. The government is really relying on population control as a way to save their country because it is quite difficult to survive as a small country without oil or highly valuable exports.

Nigeria Life Expectancy: 

The life expectancy in Nigeria is, unfortunately, the lowest in all of West Africa. The average life expectancy is around 54.5 years of age according to WHO data, with men living an average of 53.7 years and women living an average of 55.4 years. This very low number can be attributed to the fact that the country has a lot of health issues. As previously mentioned, the AIDS epidemic is a major player in the low life expectancy. But on top of that, Nigeria has also fallen victim to a high child and maternal mortality rate and the widespread growth of the polio virus. In fact, one out of every five children that are born in Nigeria will die before they reach the age of five due to the many health risks in Nigeria.

While pregnancy is obviously not a disease by any means, a lot of expectant mothers in Nigeria die from pregnancy complications every year. A Nigerian woman’s chances of death during pregnancy or childbirth is 1 in 13. In addition to that, many people in Nigeria do not seek professional medical attention as they feel that “healers” will help them live longer. They are not aware that professional doctors will give them a much longer life.

Nigeria Top 20 Cities by Population

Name Population 
Lagos 9,000,000
Kano 3,626,068
Ibadan 3,565,108
Kaduna 1,582,102
Port Harcourt 1,148,665
Benin City 1,125,058
Maiduguri 1,112,449
Zaria 975,153
Aba 897,560
Jos 816,824
Ilorin 814,192
Oyo 736,072
Enugu 688,862
Abeokuta 593,100
Abuja 590,400
Sokoto 563,861
Onitsha 561,066
Warri 536,023
Ebute Ikorodu 535,619
Okene 479,178

Demographics: 

When it comes to the average of a Nigerian citizen, the country is relatively young. For both males and females, the median age of the country is actually 17.9 years of age. The split between the males and the females in Nigeria are quite even. Men take the edge in numbers, but not by much. There are, according to estimates, about 1.04 males to every 1 female in the country. It should be noted, though, that while women are slightly outnumbered by men, after the age of 65, women outnumber the number of men.

There are multiple ethnic groups in the country of Nigeria. The Hausa-Fulani ethnicity outnumbers every other ethnic group, accounting for two-thirds of the population. Out of those two-thirds, a very large majority of them are of the Muslim faith. The other ethnic groups in Nigeria are the Nupe, the Tiv, and the Kanuri.

The official language of Nigeria is English, but the country does feature multiple languages. The most common non-English languages include the language of Hausa, the language of Yoruba, and the language of Igbo. Those three languages are the most widespread, apart from the language of English.

The overall religious aspect of Nigeria is generally split between Christianity and Islam. Most Nigerian Muslims are Sunni and are located in the northern parts of the country while the Christian population is located mainly in the middle and the southern areas of the country. A study in 2010 stated that 45.5% of the population was Muslim while the rest were Christian.

Nigeria Population by Religions

Region Name Percents Number
Muslim 50% 9,302,669 people
Christian 40% 7,442,135 people
indigenous beliefs 10% 1,860,534 people

Nigeria Population by Ethnic groups

Ethnic groups Name Percents Number
Nigeria, Africa 100% 18,605,338 people

Nigeria population by Age group

Age Both Sexes Population Male Population Female Population Both Sexes (%) Male (%) Female (%) Sex ratio (female/male)
Total 182,201,962 92,788,950 89,413,012 100 100 100 103.8
00-04 31,109,162 15,935,196 15,173,966 17.1 17.2 17 105
05-09 26,487,539 13,563,867 12,923,672 14.5 14.6 14.5 105
10-14 22,552,424 11,564,761 10,987,663 12.4 12.5 12.3 105.3
15-19 18,833,784 9,659,632 9,174,152 10.3 10.4 10.3 105.3
20-24 15,839,184 8,114,336 7,724,848 8.7 8.7 8.6 105
25-29 13,677,956 6,994,967 6,682,989 7.5 7.5 7.5 104.7
30-34 11,873,899 6,068,454 5,805,445 6.5 6.5 6.5 104.5
35-39 9,941,581 5,069,639 4,871,942 5.5 5.5 5.4 104.1
40-44 8,011,089 4,069,056 3,942,033 4.4 4.4 4.4 103.2
45-49 6,359,415 3,198,229 3,161,186 3.5 3.4 3.5 101.2
50-54 5,198,823 2,589,573 2,609,250 2.9 2.8 2.9 99.2
55-59 4,158,822 2,044,416 2,114,406 2.3 2.2 2.4 96.7
60-64 3,171,927 1,530,400 1,641,527 1.7 1.6 1.8 93.2
65-69 2,352,896 1,139,226 1,213,670 1.3 1.2 1.4 93.9
70-74 1,517,086 726,374 790,712 0.8 0.8 0.9 91.9
75-79 766,997 360,365 406,632 0.4 0.4 0.5 88.6
80-84 277,776 128,369 149,407 0.2 0.1 0.2 85.9
85-89 63,310 28,585 34,725 0 0 0 82.3
90-94 7,749 3,294 4,455 0 0 0 73.9
95-99 516 201 315 0 0 0 63.8
100+ 27 10 17 0 0 0 58.8

Nigeria Age structure and Population pyramid

Nigeria Age structure and Population pyramid

Nigeria Sex ratio

Nigeria Sex ratio

Nigeria Dependency ratios

Chart working age in Nigeria

Nigeria Population (1950 – 2018)

Year Population Yearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Sex ratio Density
(P/Km²)
2017 191,835,936 2.59 4,848,373 103.89 210.63
2016 186,987,563 2.63 4,785,601 103.84 205.31
2015 182,201,962 2.66 4,725,976 103.78 200.05
2014 177,475,986 2.70 4,659,469 103.71 194.86
2013 172,816,517 2.72 4,576,114 103.64 189.75
2012 168,240,403 2.73 4,469,734 103.57 184.72
2011 163,770,669 2.73 4,345,927 103.49 179.82
2010 159,424,742 2.72 4,217,597 103.42 175.04
2005 139,611,303 13.62 16,734,580 102.98 153.29
2000 122,876,723 13.33 14,451,901 102.54 134.92
1995 108,424,822 13.39 12,807,477 102.17 119.05
1990 95,617,345 13.96 11,715,775 101.98 104.99
1985 83,901,570 13.84 10,203,474 101.73 92.12
1980 73,698,096 15.94 10,132,498 101.74 80.92
1975 63,565,598 13.24 7,433,754 100.90 69.79
1970 56,131,844 11.73 5,893,275 100.56 61.63
1965 50,238,569 11.12 5,026,955 100.28 55.16
1960 45,211,614 9.94 4,089,281 99.98 49.64
1955 41,122,333 8.62 3,262,588 99.74 45.15
1950 37,859,745 99.54 41.57

Chart population Nigeria Population (1950 - 2018)

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